Mental health in Indonesia needs to get serious and serious attention. Although often underestimated, now mental health in Indonesia should not be set aside as a minor problem.
Mental health issues in Indonesia are still considered taboo to be discussed in public spaces. As a result, people with mental health disorders in Indonesia do not get proper and good treatment to recover.
Mental health in Indonesia needs to get the right treatment and support from all parties. This can be realized by understanding in advance what is called mental health.
In addition, we can also find out the various types of mental health disorders experienced by sufferers. After understanding the definition of mental health and the types of disorders, we can provide appropriate support if we meet sufferers around us.
So, what exactly is mental health? And what types of mental health disorders can a person experience? Launching from various sources, here is the full review.
Launching from the UI page, mental health in Indonesia is still quite new to be heard at some levels of society. Meanwhile, some conditions cannot be ignored regarding mental health in Indonesia.
The Health Research and Development Agency of the Ministry of Health, RI explained, at least up to now there are still 450,000 families who experience a tendency to mental disorders in the form of schizophrenia. This is certainly not something that can be ruled out blindfolded.
Meanwhile, according to Law Number 18 of 2014 concerning Mental Health, mental health itself is a term that refers to the condition of a person or individual who can develop physically, mentally, spiritually, and socially.
That way, a person can realize their abilities, overcome pressure, work productively, and contribute to other people or their community. Thus, mental health can directly affect productivity to the physical health quality of a person.
Types of Mental Health Disorders
There are many types of mental health disorders in Indonesia. This can be caused by various factors. Some types of mental health disorders in Indonesia include the following,
1. Anxiety Disorder
The first type of mental health disorder is an anxiety disorder or better known as an anxiety disorder in general. Usually, sufferers of this mental disorder will feel more anxious, restless, and afraid of the trigger.
As a result, physical signs appear that can affect the physical such as a racing heart, chest tightness, cold sweat, vomiting, and so on. Anxiety disorders are further divided into several types.
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
The next type of mental health disorder is an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Usually, sufferers of this mental disorder have an excessive fear or obsession with a condition.
At that time, certain conditions would be considered as something ideal. This can make sufferers tend to do various things to achieve the ideal conditions that they expect.
3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a mental disorder that often occurs. This is due to many factors. The main factor is a bitter experience in the past that makes sufferers tend to experience prolonged trauma. As a result, sufferers find it difficult to feel emotions, less sensitive, to numb.
4. Sexual And Gender Disorder
One of the next types of mental disorders is sexual and gender disorder. This directly involves the sexual desires and urges experienced by a person.
This disorder can affect sufferers such as in thinking to behave. Generally, this disorder can occur in the form of paraphilias, sexual dysfunction, to gender identity disorders.
5. Somatic Symptom Disorder
The next type of mental disorder is somatic symptom disorder. This disorder involves suggestions or thoughts that do not necessarily occur to a person or sufferer.
This condition continues to cause pain to discomfort in certain body parts. It will again be felt like a situation that can burden the mind so that sufferers feel excessive stress and depression.
Mental Health Challenges in Indonesia
Indonesia still has a long way to go on mental health issues. Some mental health challenges in Indonesia that must receive mutual attention are as follows:
1. Negative Stigma Against Mental Health
In Indonesia, discussions about mental health are still rarely carried out, resulting in negative stigma from various parties. Mental health is not always rooted in the sufferer alone. This is what makes mental health rarely the subject of mutual discussion.
2. Low Knowledge About Mental Health
Meanwhile, the next challenge for mental health in Indonesia is to expand public access to mental health knowledge. Low knowledge of this tends to make many people do not know to act when they encounter conditions that are not ideal regarding mental health.
3. Discrimination occurs in people with mental disorders
The next challenge is to eliminate discrimination against people with mental health disorders. Discrimination creates a thick gulf between sufferers and people in general.
4. Uneven access to mental health
The next challenge to be solved is the equal distribution of access to mental health facilities in Indonesia. Currently, there are still not many experts to doctors who can accommodate sufferers to consult about mental problems.