Drug allergies can cause a variety of mild to severe symptoms, such as hives, rash, dizziness, swelling of the lips or face, fever, vomiting, shortness of breath, and even fainting. To avoid the risk of danger, you need to understand how to deal with drug allergies that can be done.
Symptoms of drug allergy can appear within hours or days after taking the drug. A serious hypersensitive response is called anaphylactic shock. If not treated right away, this condition can life-compromise. To anticipate this, consider the following ways to overcome drug allergies.
How to deal with drug allergies in children
A drug allergy occurs when a child’s body shows an allergic reaction after exposure to a drug. There are two ways to deal with drug allergies in children, including:
From avoiding medications that trigger allergies to drug desensitization, here’s how to treat drug allergies effectively.
1. Do not use drugs that trigger allergies
- medicine Allergy
- Avoid using drugs that trigger allergies
If the doctor states that you or your child has a drug allergy, then stopping the drug that triggers it is the first step you can take to treat a drug allergy. It can also prevent allergic reactions from appearing in the future.
The types of drugs that tend to trigger allergic reactions, namely:
- Antibiotics, such as penicillin and sulfa
- Pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and aspirin
- Anticonvulsant or anticonvulsant drugs
- Drugs in antibody therapy
- Chemotherapy drugs.
If you’re not sure what medication is triggering your allergy, try to remember and record all the medications and supplements you’ve taken in the last 48 hours. Your doctor will help you identify which drug is triggering the allergic reaction.
2. Doing home care
If the symptoms are relatively mild, you can do how to deal with drug allergies naturally. If your skin is itchy or has a rash, try placing a cold compress for 10-15 minutes to reduce inflammation. However, make sure the ice pack is covered with a cloth.
You can also apply calamine lotion to the affected skin area to relieve it. Use the lotion according to the instructions for use listed on the packaging label.
If this natural way to treat antibiotic allergies does not make your condition better, you should immediately consult a doctor.
3. Taking allergy relievers
- antihistamine drug
- Antihistamines help with mild to moderate allergies
In addition to how to deal with drug allergies naturally, you can also use medical drugs.
Here are several specific drugs that doctors can prescribe as a way to treat drug allergies.
You can take antihistamines according to a doctor’s prescription. Antihistamines will block the chemical (histamine) that triggers an allergic reaction. This medication is regularly used to treat gentle to direct sensitivities.
Corticosteroids can be given to treat the inflammation that occurs due to a more serious allergic reaction. However, make sure you have consulted your doctor about giving this drug an allergy antidote. Doctors may recommend corticosteroid medications in the form of oral, topical, or inhaled.
If a drug allergy causes wheezing or coughing, you can use a bronchodilator if advised by your doctor. This device can help open your airways making it easier to breathe.
4. Drug desensitization
If you need to take a medication that can trigger an allergy because no other medication can treat your condition, your doctor may recommend a treatment called drug desensitization.
In this treatment, you will take the allergy-causing drug in very small doses, and then increase the dose every 15-30 minutes for several hours or days, until your immune system can tolerate the drug.
Sometimes, doctors use this process as a way of dealing with allergies to penicillin antibiotics. However, if you are very allergic to certain drugs, then there must be an alternative drug prescribed by a doctor.
5. Anaphylaxis treatment
Anaphylaxis treatment may be needed if you have developed an allergy that is severe enough to cause shortness of breath, or even if you are unconscious.
Epinephrine (anti-allergen) injections are commonly used to treat this condition. If not treated right away, this condition can life-compromise.
How long the allergy will last depends on its severity. So, make sure you get the right treatment right away.
Diagnosis of drug allergy in children
To make sure the condition you are experiencing is a drug allergy, it is necessary to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor. Misdiagnosis of drug allergy can lead to inappropriate drug use.
In diagnosing, the doctor will perform a physical examination and ask questions about symptoms, when to take medication, and whether symptoms are improving or worsening.
Your doctor may also suggest that you take additional tests with an allergy specialist to confirm the diagnosis. The tests that should be possible are:
In a skin test, an allergy specialist will give several drugs that are suspected of causing allergies to your skin.
If positive for allergies, a red rash, itching, and small bumps can appear on the skin. Meanwhile, if negative, then there will be no allergic reaction that appears.
Although blood tests can detect an allergic reaction to some medications, they are not used very often. A blood test is used if there is concern that a severe reaction will occur to a skin test.
Conclusion diagnosis by a doctor is needed in determining the treatment that can be done. Over time, drug allergies may worsen, weaken, or even disappear.
So, it is very important for you to always consult with your doctor about how to control the allergy so that it does not reappear.